Business Insurance

Injury and Illness Prevention Programs (IIPP)


Injury and illness prevention programs are a type of safety plan and are also commonly referred to as IIPP or I2P2. This common sense approach to safety is rooted in employers being committed to safety and working with employees to identify and eliminate hazards within the workplace before they can cause harm.

This type of program is a proactive approach and is generally considered best practice by several leading safety organizations, including OSHA, Cal OSHA, ANSI, AIHA, and several others. Although it is not federally mandated by OSHA, several state OSHA programs now require employers to adopt some form of an IIPP, including California, Hawaii, Louisiana, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Montana, Nevada, New Hampshire, New York, North Carolina, Oregon, Utah, and Washington.

Why Implement IIPP

The following statistics communicate a strong need for effective workplace safety from both a moral and financial perspective:

  • Every day more than 12 workers die on the job – more than 4,500 each year.
  • More than 4.1 million workers suffer a serious job-related injury or illness each year.
  • Workplace injuries and illnesses cost our economy over $198.2 billion per year. That’s over a half-billion dollars each day.

Adopting this common sense approach to safety will require executives, supervisors, and employees to work as a team to not only identify hazards but methods that will control or eliminate hazards from the workplace. Ideally this program will correct hazards before they can cause harm.

IIPP Sub-Layers

Each element of the IIPP contains sub-layers which work together to create a complete IIPP. These “nice-to-have” elements of an organizational safety program are achieved through proven methods which make up the sub-layers of the complete IIPP.

Management & Leadership

  • Develop safety policy memo
  • Fund and support safety program
  • Fund and establish company safety committee
  • Actively participate in safety program activities

Worker Participation

  • Defined safety roles and responsibilities
  • Representation on safety committee
  • Methods to communicate and report hazards to management
  • JSA / JHA development

Hazard Identification & Assessment

  • Analyze past losses (claims loss run analysis)
  • Regular documented jobsite inspections
  • Investigate incidents and near misses
  • Job hazard analysis (JHA)
  • Industrial hygiene testing / monitoring
  • Pre-task planning by supervisors

Hazard Prevention & Control

  • Job safety analysis (JSA); work protocols for hazardous operations
  • Personal protective equipment (PPE)
  • Daily safety huddles (discuss hazards identified during pre-task assessment)
  • Drug-free workplace policy

Education & Training

  • New hire orientation; use supervisor to coach and mentor new employees
  • Train employees using job safety analysis (JSA) or developed work protocols
  • Regular safety topics (weekly messages, morning huddles, etc.)
  • Identify and define training requirements for each position throughout the organization

Program Improvement

  • Review IIPP annually
  • Conduct JHA/JSA on new equipment and operations as they are introduced into the workplace
  • Adjust JSA / JHAs following incidents as needed
  • Adjust employee training following incidents as needed
  • Adjust IIPP following regulatory changes as needed

Next Steps

Adopting an IIPP for any organization takes commitment and hard work. The rewards for undertaking this process include effective organizational communication, great teamwork, established work processes, and a written plan that protects employees. Leavitt Group’s loss control team is available to assist our clients with all facets of the IIPP implementation process from providing policy templates to hazard identification. To learn more about our loss control services, contact your Leavitt Group insurance advisor.

Recap: Tips for Success & Best Practices

  • Involve employees, supervisors, and management
  • Identify workplace hazards
  • Provide effective training
  • Regularly review and update IIPP
Randon Lessing is a loss control consultant with Leavitt Group of Boise. He has had the pleasure of working in several organizations in both government and private sectors. He believes in analyzing data and fact-finding to develop realistic solutions to real-world problems. He is committed to developing solutions that will drive down losses while fostering teamwork, building employee morale, and aiding in leadership development. His experience in the military and as a safety manager has prepared him for problem solving rooted in team and leadership development.